Category Archives: Hunting

How to Understand Minute of Angle

Full guide on how to understand MOA (Minute of Angle) and to compensate for the bullet drop.
Learn how to calculate MOA and adjusting on the elevation turrets.

In the course of perfecting your shooting accuracy, you will hear the word MOA. If you don’t know what it is, then shooting on target will be the hardest thing to achieve. For those who know it, they realize that some calculations are crucial if you want to improve on accuracy.

Now, what are those calculations? Will they make shooting a rocket science subject? If you are asking such questions, the information below is for you. You will see how easy it is to understand Minute of Angle when we break it down into digestible chunks that will aid you in hitting the bull’s eye every time you aim.

MOA Meaning

So you are asking, what is MOA? It stands for Minute of Angle as explained in the title. Here, a minute refers to 1/60th of a degree. Think about the minutes in an hour. One minute is a 1/60th of an hour. When it comes to shooting, it refers to a tiny fraction of one angle.

Look at the circle. It has 360 degrees. Now, take out only one degree then divide it 60 times. That’s the portion we are talking about here. Despite being so small, the difference it can make in hitting the target is more than enormous.

Why Do We Need To Measure Shooting In Minutes?

I guessed right. That’s your next question. If you look at how a bullet moves, it does so in an arc which is not a perfect one. As it travels further, the force of gravity becomes larger hence the decrease in velocity. That makes the arc’s slope steeper.
You may notice that you are shooting dead on at closer targets like about 200 yards away. However, as you aim further than let’s say 600 yards, you note that you are hitting lower than the target point. The distance between where your bullet hits and the target is known as the bullet drop. It’s measured in inches.

We call the path followed by a bullet as the bullet’s trajectory. It happens in an arc, and that is why we need to measure it in degrees if we want to cover for the bullet drop successfully. That is where MOA comes in as a useful measurement.

The Relationship between MOA and Distance
MOA is not dependent on distance. If you thought there was a relation, well it’s a bit complicated here. We use MOA as an angular measurement as opposed to linear. That’s what we adjust a long range target scope on a rifle using the elevation turret. So, how do we translate MOA to a linear measurement?

Apply this rule: 1 minute (or 1 MOA) is one inch at 100 yards. One inch here is an approximation since it’s actually 1.047 inches. For shooting, we disregard the 0.047 inches and round it off to one. However, in long-distance shooting, it becomes applicable.

What does the above mean? It implies that if you make a minute adjustment on the scope, you are using, there is a 1-inch change in the bullet’s point of impact at 100 yards. On the other hand, the size in inches increases as you go further than 100 yards, but it’s still one minute.

Distance in Yards 1 MOA Change in Size (Rounded Off)
100 1 inch
200 2 inch
300 3 inch
400 4 inch
500 5 inch
600 6 inch
700 7 inch
800 8 inch
900 9 inch
1000 10 inch

Understanding MOA

If you want an accurate shot after precise aiming, you need to know how to use MOA to solve the bullet drop. That means utilizing the elevation turret at the top of the scope.

Determine the Bullet Drop

Go to the range and shoot a group. Make sure you know the distance you are shooting from and the bullet drop. After that, memorize what 1MOA is at that distance. You can refer to the chart above.

If you are 300 yards away and you are three inches low from the target, that means making the necessary adjustments to go dead on in the next shoot out. 1 MOA is three inches at 300 yards. To recover for the drop, you will need to go up 1 MOA.
Having figured out that, we can now deduce a formula to help us calculate faster.

Formula to Calculate 1MOA size at any distance:

Distance to the target (yards) /100 = inches per MOA for the distance.

If you are 400 yards away, then that will be 400/100 = 4 inches.
1 MOA is 4 inches at 400 yards. That implies that you need 1 MOA for every 4 inches off the target.

If you want to use the exact measurements, then know that 1 MOA = 1.047 inches
Using the exact measurements, we can use the following formula:
(Distance to the target in yards x 1.047) / 100 = inches per MOA for the distance.

So, using the example above:
(400 x 1.047) / 100 = 4.188 which translates to 4.2 inches.

Calculating the Bullet Drop

Now that we can calculate the MOA at a given distance, how do you go about calculating the bullet drop?

Suppose the bullet drop is 40 inches from the target as you shoot 400 yards away. We know that we need 1 MOA for every four-inch drop at that distance.

Here is how to calculate the MOA adjustments we need for the 40-inch bullet drop:
Number of the bullet drop inches / MOA inches at the given distance = MOA needed

Therefore, 40 inches low / 4 inches (1 MOA is 4 inches at 100 yards) = 10 MOA adjustments on the scope

Now that you know the MOA needed to adjust to hit dead on, you can translate that to the scope by making the MOA adjustment via the top turret.

Translating the MOA on Turrets
Riflescopes come with the following specifications:
1/8 MOA turrets
1/4 MOA turrets
1/2 MOA turrets
1 MOA turrets

Depending on the featured MOA adjustment, it means that the turret will turn in such increments. Therefore, ¼ MOA turret will have ¼ increments, and the same applies to the rest.

Each time you move the turret, it clicks, and the lines below the numbers guide you. So, if your scope says it has the ¼ MOA adjustments, it means you need four quarters or four clicks to make 1 MOA. If it says ½ MOA adjustment, then you need two clicks to make 1 MOA.

For our case above, if you have ¼ MOA adjustments on your scope, to get to 10 MOA will require 40 clicks.

If 1 MOA needs four clicks, then 10 MOA x 4 clicks per MOA = 40 clicks.

If you have a ½ MOA scope, you will need 20 clicks if you apply the analogy in the last statement above.

Wrapping up

Was it that hard? I hope not since everything can now be understood. As you can see, the calculations help you aim better as opposed to complicating the aiming setup. If it has not yet sunk in, here is a video that explains more about MOA and how to calculate it. If you have read the information above up to this point, then this video will help you see what we are talking about and apply the knowledge in the field.

If you are all set, then it’s time not to miss the target!

Article by Steve Coffman

Waterfowling And The YouTube Generation

With mentors lacking, duck- and goose-hunting newbies are turning to video-posting educator-entertainers, but are there limitations to what you can learn?

By M.D. Johnson

My Old Man taught me how to hunt ducks. He took me. He showed me. He suffered through my mistakes, and, I believe, he relished my accomplishments. Like my first duck (1974). My first goose (1979). And the time I got frostbite while hunting the Scioto River in central Ohio (1987), and all the skin on my fingertips turned grey and sloughed off. Not an accomplishment, I don’t reckon, but he was there for that one, too.

My introduction into the waterfowling arts was, for the time, typical. We had fathers and uncles, grandfathers and that grumpy old guy next door who loved to hunt but generally hated everyone; still, and for whatever reason, he took a shine to us and would take us with him every now and again.

From these men, we learned the finer points of waterfowling. How to do this. How to do that. Decoys. Guns. Dogs. Wind. Range estimation. Sometimes the lessons came with praise; other things, with a swat upside the head.

Either way, we learned, and the schooling, at least for some of us, stuck. Today, it’s different. Fewer people hunt waterfowl. Period. And of those, there are fewer of the aforementioned blood relatives or crotchety old neighbors to show nimrods how to set a spread, run a call, train a dog, or patch a ripped set of waders. So, that said, who’s teaching this next generation how to duck hunt?

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Once, newbies to waterfowling like author MD Johnson learned the sport from their dads, uncles, grandpas. These days, those figures may not be available or never took up hunting, leaving a knowledge gap that’s being filled by enthusiastic camera- and tech-savvy YouTubers like Bobby Guy. “Absolutely I consider myself both an educator and an entertainer,” says Guy, whose YouTube channel BobbyGuyFilms was closing in on 67,000 subscribers last month, up significantly from this past summer. (SCREEN SHOT FROM BOBBY GUY FILMS)

YOUTUBE, THAT’S WHO. Is it all being done, the education that is, via Al Gore’s Internet? Absolutely not, but here in the 2018-19 waterfowl season, an amazing number of new-to-the sport duck hunters are learning the ropes, per se, by watching hours and hours of YouTube videos.

Washington duck hunter Jeff Landers and his boys Nate and Ben are three of the many. I met Landers a year or so ago when I sold him a layout blind for his boy. A simple business transaction led to frequent conversations, the common denominator being waterfowl and waterfowl hunting.

Admittedly new to ‘fowling, Landers, a pastor/international missionary, wanted to get his sons involved, but understood his knowledge when it came to duck hunting was lacking. Enter YouTube.

“I wouldn’t say (YouTube) was our primary source of information,” Landers said. “We would connect with other men and women who had the experience, and we’d spend time with them in the field.

Then,” he continued, “the boys would come home and look on YouTube for specific things based on things they’d seen in the field. Things like ‘Why don’t more people hunt shovelers?’ or ‘Why aren’t coots as prized as other ducks?'”

“Too,” he said, “I think YouTube is a way to keep these new people engaged throughout the week until they can go hunting again. A lot of these people come home from a hunt, can’t stop thinking about it, and YouTube plays a key role in keeping them engaged. But it’s not necessarily the be all/end all of (duck hunting) training.”

Landers’ sons, like many novice waterfowlers across the nation, I’m sure, turn to YouTube not only for educational purposes, but for definition.

“Both of the boys,” he said, “have this exposure in the field, and then they come home and start researching what they’ve seen. They’ll watch videos, for instance, and then try what they’ve seen in the field the next time they’re out. Or they’ll make a mention of something they’ve seen, as in ‘Dad, did you know such-and-such?’ I’d say my boys are watching videos – outdoor videos – on a daily basis, but they’re using it more like a readily accessible encyclopedia or magazine.”

SHIFT GEARS A bit, if you don’t mind. I’ve been to Hutchinson, Kansas. I’ve hunted ducks on the Cheyenne Bottoms, pass-shot geese on the firing line, and stubbled layout blinds in more than one field. Trust me; it’s an incredible place, if you’re a waterfowler.

Thirty-one-year-old Bobby Guy lives there, and he lives and breathes waterfowl hunting. So much so that in 2016, he ran his first video episode on YouTube on a channel he calls BobbyGuyFilms.

“My goal,” reads the description on the home page of his channel, “is to teach waterfowl hunting. If you’re looking for big waterfowl hunting, you’ve found it.”

Apparently, Guy’s hitting the mark, as he definitely has an audience. Before this season opened, he had in the neighborhood of 24,000 subscribers; at this end of the season, it’s more than double that, 66,000-plus as of press time last month.

“Absolutely I consider myself both an educator and an entertainer,” he told me. “The 21st Century wants entertainment, but they want real entertainment. Not fake entertainment, like reality TV. So it’s both. On YouTube, I have to teach the world (how to duck hunt) in an entertaining way.”

And Guy practiced what he now preaches.

“I wasn’t blowing a duck call or a goose call at age 8 or 10 or 12. I didn’t have Dad to teach me how to duck hunt. My stepdad taught me how to quail hunt, but I had to go to YouTube to learn to duck hunt. To learn how to blow a feed chuckle on a duck call.”

That, he said, was 15 years ago or so. But surprisingly, Guy’s audience isn’t made up primarily of 15-year-olds. In fact, his primary viewing audience consists of men, ages 25 to 34, with his secondary group of visual consumers ranging from 34 to 42 years of age.

“I would say a heavy 75 percent, maybe 80 percent of my viewers are public (land) hunters in their first one or two years of duck hunting,” said Guy when we spoke last summer.

But with great power comes great responsibility. Guy is, like it or not – and note, I get the impression he absolutely loves what he does – a leader. A mentor. An educator to be mimicked.

“Everything I teach them (my viewers),” he said, “they do. They run with it. But there have been things,” he confided, “that I’ve done wrong. Where I’ve messed up. There is an element of self-responsibility. Of maturity. It is a heavy weight (I’ve taken on). It’s not easy, and it’s not for everyone. Not everyone should try to influence people. It can be very complicated, and it’s a lot of work.”

Along with software that makes editing easy, waterfowling videos often include new and interesting angles. “I think YouTube is a way to keep these new people engaged throughout the week until they can go hunting again,” says Washington duck hunter Jeff Landers whose young sons watch episodes between outings. “But it’s not necessarily the be all/end all of (duck hunting) training,” he adds. (SCREEN SHOT FROM BOBBY GUY FILMS)

TODAY’S IS A very personal world. An immediate world. A reach-out-and-touch-damn-near-everyone-at-any-time world. And it’s all part of Guy’s program.

“I get a lot of people (in the field) holding their phone in front of their face saying, ‘Hey Bobby! What gun should I buy?’ or, ‘What duck spread should I use?’ or, ‘I want to hunt snow geese. What do I need?’ People are intrigued by waterfowl hunting. And it’s cool. A lot of these people are older, and they have a little money. And they found (duck hunting) on YouTube.”

“Let’s face it,” he continued, “commercial TV has gone down the tubes. You have YouTube in your pocket. It’s your nightly watch. It’s more personalized; in fact, it’s as personalized as it gets. You can subscribe to a YouTube blogger who does what you do. Or what you want to do, whether it’s a woman doing her nails or a guy teaching you to duck hunt.”

Do I use YouTube as an electronic educator? Damn right, I do. Via any number of channels, I’ve learned to build wooden display boxes, cheaply repair busted PVC pipe, fix small carburetors, and tend to blueberry bushes here in Wahkiakum County, on the Lower Columbia. Duck hunting, I learned from my father and face-to-face from a long line of men, who possessed collectively more seasons of experience than Carter has little liver pills.

Guys over 50, you know what I’m talking about. But the world is different now. Faster. More streamlined. Fewer fathers hunt; thus, fewer ’fowl teachers exist. Still, people, i.e. new waterfowlers, hunger for information. They crave it. Need it. But it needs to be the right information. Legally correct. Ethically strong. Responsible. Safe. Conscientious. Conservation-minded. So I ask guys like Guy and other online hunting educators: Are you doing it right? Are you?

ORIGINALLY, MY PLAN, so to speak, was to ride, albeit gently, both these YouTubers – non-traditional heathens – and those who “learned” waterfowl and waterfowl hunting electronically.

Also non-traditional heathens.

But then, as the kids from South Park would say, I learned something today. With grandpa gone, and with fathers and uncles at a premium, who’s going to teach these up-andcomers, if not for YouTube? Magazines – and my apologies, Dear Editor – have for the most part gone the way of buck-fifty fuel, and dreadfully fewer and further between are the newspapers with weekly outdoor columns, which, even if they did exist, would require the aforementioned reading, and we know that’s not cool.

So the question remains: Who, then, are the ‘fowling teachers, if not for YouTube? And, too, I’ll admit, if I had ridden these folks unmercifully, would I not be a hypocrite? Wasn’t it YouTube that taught me how to repair busted PVC pipe without digging up everything?

And wasn’t it YouTube that coached me when I was building dormers on the garage? And repairing the chimney? And replacing the throttle body gasket on Grandpa’s ’93 Chevy Work Truck? So is it a good thing, this YouTube, when it comes to teaching 21st Century duck hunters how to duck hunt? It can be, I reckon, as long as it’s being done right.

Sure, YouTube can talk you through the first four stages of being a hunter – shooting ops, whacking and stacking, killing the unicorn, perfecting skills – but author MD Johnson wonders, what about the fifth, where the overall experience is far more important than killing? “Stage Five … needs a person. A been there and done-that waterfowler,” he writes. Maybe so, maybe today’s crop of duck- and goose-hunting YouTubers will eventually get there too. (CHAD ZOLLER)

Which brings me to a final (really!) note regarding Internet-based instruction being done right. Yes, you can teach someone to duck hunt via YouTube. You can teach them the basics of patterning, decoy selection, spread design, concealment, wind direction, calls and calling, safety, and, to some extent, ethics. But before we go any further, let’s review the Five Stages of Hunting. You know them, right?

  • Stage 1, The Shooting Stage: The quality of the hunt is determined by the amount of shooting opportunities afforded
  • Stage 2, The Bag Limit Stage: The quality of the hunt is determined by the amount of game harvested. Limits
    are important
  • Stage 3, The Trophy Stage: The biggest buck; an all-greenhead limit, a 25-pound gobbler. The bigger, the better here
  • Stage 4, The Method Stage: How the hunt is accomplished is most important, e.g. a homemade muzzleloader or
    hand-made game call
  • Stage 5, The Experience Stage: The time afield is what’s important, not the game harvested. This is the Sunrise Stage.

Back to YouTube. Yes, you can teach someone about Stages 1 through 4 online. You can show the viewer unplugged guns and spring snows (Shooting). You can show them straps of seven ducks (Limit), seven greenheads (Trophy), and a handturned double reed duck call (Method).

But can YouTube really – really – explain the psychological aspects\ associated with waterfowl hunting? Why we freeze? Why we suffer? Why we work so hard for a duck? One duck. Even no ducks?

Can YouTube convey the emotions involved with watching our 7-year-old grandson retrieve the pair of cacklers we just killed? The ones out of a small flock that followed an even smaller flock of lessers right into the heart of the 18-decoy spread at our feet?

Can YouTube get across to the nimrod the confusion – for lack of a better term – we predators feel when we realize we’re no longer the natural born killers we were at 25? And then the moment you realize, I’m okay with that.

I don’t think so.

I think YouTube has a place; yes, even among waterfowlers.

But I also think it most certainly has limitations. Human limitations. Stage Five is important; perhaps, for many, it’s the most important and most fulfilling of the five stages.

But it needs a person. A been-there and done-that waterfowler. For there are some things for which one must walk in those waders in order to understand. And there’s a huge part of waterfowling hunting that falls under that umbrella.

Oregon Fish-Wildlife Commission To Talk Cougar Plan, License Fees


The Fish and Wildlife Commission will meet Friday, Oct. 13 at the Crook County Fairgrounds, 1280 Main St in Prineville beginning at 8 a.m.

The meeting will follow this agenda,, and be livestreamed online via ODFW’s @MyODFW account on Periscope and Twitter.


The Commission will be asked to adopt an updated Oregon Cougar Management Plan. The Plan was last revised in 2006. The draft updated Plan incorporates new scientific literature and Oregon-specific research about cougars, including a genetics and habitat analysis, but does not propose major management changes. The updated Plan continues to stress coexistence with Oregon’s more than 6,400 cougars.

The Commission will also be asked to adopt new fees for recreational and other licenses that will take effect Jan. 1, 2018. These fees were already approved by the Oregon State Legislature when it passed ODFW’s 2015-17 budget. Typically, ODFW raises fees once every six years but during this six-year cycle, fee increases are staggered with a more modest fee increase every two years. The first stage occurred for 2016 licenses. Beginning with 2018 licenses, the cost of an annual hunting license will increase by $1.50 to $33.50, an annual fishing license will increase by $3 to $41 and a Combination License will increase by $4 to $69. The cost of juvenile licenses will stay the same as part of efforts to make hunting and fishing affordable for young people and their families. To see the full Recreational Fee License Schedule visit ODFW’s budget page.

Public testimony before the Commission will be held first thing Friday morning, just after the adoption of temporary rules. Persons seeking to testify on issues not on the formal agenda may do so by making arrangements with the ODFW’s Director’s office, at least 24 hours in advance of the meeting, by calling 800-720-6339 or 503-947-6044.

Reasonable accommodations will be provided as needed for individuals requesting assistive hearing devices, sign language interpreters or large-print materials. Individuals needing these types of accommodations may call the ODFW Director’s Office at 800-720-6339 or 503-947-6044 at least 24 hours in advance of the meeting.

On Thursday, Oct. 12 the Commission will tour the Prineville area with stops at Bowman Dam on the Crooked River to discuss fish management and at Opal Springs to discuss fish passage. Some parts of the tour during are not open to the public as they are at privately-owned facilities. For more information see the tour itinerary.

Patience Pays Off For Oregon Youth With Big Spring Gobbler

Editor’s note: The following blog was written and photographed by Troy Rodakowski.

By Troy Rodakowski

Last Friday the Pacific Northwest was hit with a doozy of a wind storm that left several thousand folks without power and cleanup crews working overtime to remove downed trees and limbs. I had donated a youth turkey hunt to the statewide OHA banquet a year earlier and had plans to take 12-year-old Jacob Haley, who had recently passed his hunters safety class, along with his father Jason from Medford, out that day, April 8th, as well as the 9th if needed.

However, the Tuesday before then my first daughter was born, and we were held up in the hospital until Saturday morning. Luckily, Jason and Jacob were able to book an additional night in their hotel and stay until Sunday for some turkey action.


We made the short 20-minute drive to our hunting grounds, scarfed down some sausage breakfast sandwiches I had made, swilled some beverages and got our gear ready.

I had a small 6-acre parcel of private land that had a couple strutters working it during the midmornings and early afternoons. I placed a hen decoy about 30 yards from our tree-covered fence and began to call. With nothing making a sound for nearly two hours I could tell Jacob was getting a little cold. The temperature had dropped to nearly 33 degrees and sitting was difficult. I rounded up the father-son duo and told them we needed to get back to the truck and warm up.


Once we were warm we headed to a Christmas tree farm I had scouted over the last few months and where we could get some hiking in, which would help to keep our blood flowing. I yelped and cackled every once in a while listening for a response. At about 10 a.m. the weather had warmed, sun began to peek out and we found ourselves above a nice meadow when Jason heard a gobbler cut off my yelp.

I quickly yelped again and he chimed back immediately from the meadow below. Jason told Jacob to follow me as we moved quickly down the trail. I found a nice tree, pointed to it and told Jacob to sit there while I promptly placed the hen decoy about 15 yards down the trail, then joined him at the base of the same tree. We got situated and I gave him instructions to try and get comfortable and ready to shoot once the bird cleared a small stump down the hill that was along the trail.


Yelping again the bird immediately fired off. He was hot and I could now see him almost 150 yards down in the meadow strutting away. I called again and he began to head for the grassy trail we were set up on. Watching him I could tell he was picking up the pace and I could see his long beard swinging as he walked even quicker up the trail. Yelping one more time he went in full strut.

Jacob saw him and got excited. I told him to take his safety off and keep his finger away from the trigger. Whispering in his ear, I said, “Now, once he clears that short stump, I’ll tell you when to shoot.”

The bird proceeded ever so slowly as he approached the hen decoy. Strutting again just past the stump I waited as he dropped his fan and took two more steps. From the corner of my mouth I told Jacob, “Shoot him in the head.”


He didn’t hesitate, as his 20-gauge Weatherby kicked almost instantaneously. The bird dropped immediately flopping around 30 yards from our tree.

We all celebrated the end to a great week and a great weekend. The Haleys were able to spend some priceless father-son time together, and ended the weekend with a very special turkey hunt. For me, the experience has already made my entire season a success. These are the special moments I fondly remember and hope to pass onto my own daughter in the years to come.


2017 Idaho Spring Turkey Prospects: ‘Fair-to-good’ Numbers


Spring turkey hunting outlook: fair to good; general season opens April 15

Tuesday, April 11, 2017 – 11:46 AM MDT


Winter decreased some flocks in southern Idaho, but Panhandle and Clearwater should have good hunting

General turkey season opens Saturday, April 15, and you can see units that have general hunts in our turkey hunting rules , as well as details about the seasons. Hunters will find most general hunting opportunity in the Panhandle, Clearwater and Southwest Regions, and beyond that most areas are limited to controlled hunts. 

(Idaho Fish and Game)

Higher-than-normal snowfall in much of the state likely decreased turkey populations in some areas, but hunters should still find fair-to-good turkey populations depending on the region. 

“In Southwest and Eastern Idaho we anticipate populations to be down based on field reports, turkey populations remain good in the Clearwater and Panhandle regions,” said Jeff Knetter, upland and migratory bird coordinator. 

Knetter explained turkeys typically cope with winter differently than big game. They typically seek out feed from agriculture operations, such as feed lots and feed lines for livestock. 

In areas where that’s not an option, they can have difficulty surviving winter if they’re unable to get natural food off the ground. Fish and Game in cooperation with the National Wild Turkey Federation fed some birds during winter the Cambridge, Council and Garden Valley areas to help them get through winter. 

Hunters are also warned that many areas have experienced flooding during late winter and early spring, so they should double check access to their favorite hunting spots. They might also encounter lingering snowdrifts that block them from their hunting spot. 

turkeys, spring, Southwest Region

(Photo by Roger Phillips/Idaho Fish and Game)

Fish and Game’s regional wildlife managers give an overview of what’s happening with turkey hunting in their regions. 

Panhandle Region

Turkey season in the Panhandle is looking quite good despite the snow that accumulated in the lower elevations this winter. Wintering turkeys are typically associated with agricultural land, often around livestock feeding operations, so food is usually available.  

Although the region had at near-normal winter snowpack, the winter did not begin in earnest until mid-January and snowfall in December and early January was below normal, so turkeys were not stressed for a long period. Things are now opening up and we’re seeing a very nice spring greenup due to the abundant moisture. 

A challenge for turkey hunters this year might be access due to poor road conditions due to flooding, but there should be abundant turkeys. During the spring season, hunters may purchase and use up to two turkey tags; only toms may be harvested in spring. As always, remember to respect private property, and ask first before you hunt there. 

Wayne Wakkinen, Panhandle Region Wildlife Manager

Clearwater Region

Last fall was warm and wet and early winter and snow pack was below average. This winter has seen what would be historically more normal snowpack, but valley snow levels were above normal. Despite this, turkeys in the Clearwater appear to be doing well. Snow at lower elevations came off relatively early and turkeys have had the advantage of spring green up.

The largest challenge to Clearwater turkey hunters this year will also be access. Warm weather and rain on snow events have caused flooding, road washouts and slides. Additionally, snow is gone at lower elevations, but some hunters will find it difficult accessing some valley hunting spots because of snow drifts on roads at higher elevations.  

Clay Hickey, Clearwater Region Wildlife Manager

Southwest Region

Turkey populations have been increasing steadily the last several years. However, this past winter was hard on turkeys in places experiencing prolonged deep snows. Turkeys along the lower Boise River appear to be doing well. Unit 38 and a portion of Unit 32 are controlled hunts and hunting in low country along waterways often requires landowner permission. The Fort Boise Wildlife Management Area in Unit 38 is open to turkey hunting for controlled-hunt tag holders. 

Units 33 and 39 are general hunts with small turkey populations scattered throughout.

In the northern part of the region, the National Wild Turkey Federation provided feed to private landowners in several areas, which helped turkeys come through the harsh winter pretty well. Access will be limited at higher elevations until sometime in May.  

There are turkey populations at Cecil D. Andrus Wildlife Management Area near Brownlee Reservoir. Motorized travel is restricted on the Andrus WMA until May 1, but walk-in hunting is open.

Hunters can also find Access Yes! properties with turkey hunting opportunities near Indian Valley, and north of New Meadows. 

Rick Ward and Regan Berkely, Southwest Region Wildlife Managers

Magic Valley Region

The region has a limited number of turkeys in Unit 54, with most residing on the west side of the unit. Turkeys are limited to controlled hunts only in the region, and normal survival is anticipated after the winter. 

Daryl Meints, Magic Valley Region Wildlife Manager. 

Upper Snake Region

In general, the Upper Snake has small populations, and the bulk of these turkeys are associated with the South Fork of the Snake River and Snake River riparian areas. Those areas likely had some winter mortality to further depress these limited populations. I would anticipate turkey densities to be slightly below what we have experienced over the last number of years. Hunting is limited to controlled hunts across the region.

Curtis Hendricks, Upper Snake Region Wildlife Manager

Southeast Region

The region has severe winter conditions from late December through March, and anecdotal reports indicate that some winter mortality on turkeys occurred in isolated areas. We anticipate turkey densities to be lower than in previous years. However, turkey numbers were extremely high this past year, and despite some winter mortality, there should still be robust turkey populations for hunters to enjoy. During the early period of the spring season, hunters might find turkey distributions to be slightly different due to lingering snow at higher elevations. 

Zach Lockyer, Southeast Region Wildlife Manager

Salmon Region

The region has low turkey densities, about 400 in Custer County and about 125 in Lemhi County. There are very limited controlled hunts for those birds.  The region likely had some winter mortality to further depress these limited populations and hunt success. Where the turkeys occupy lower elevations in the region, access will not be a problem due to snow.  

Greg Painter, Salmon Region Wildlife Manager

Our TOP 10 Hunting Counties

Oregon’s and Washington’s best for big game, waterfowl and upland birds.
By Troy Rodakowski and Andy Walgamott

There are 75 counties in the 164,100 square miles of the Evergreen and Beaver States, and they range from lonesome swaths of the Sagebrush Sea to islands stippling the Salish Sea, but which are best for hunters? If ever there’s a season for rankings it would be fall, what with this month being the heart of the college football season, and so with hunting in full effect this month, we decided to try our hand at ranking the 10 best counties in both states for big game, waterfowl and upland birds. Troy Rodakowski, our Junction City-based correspondent, handled the Oregon side while I rated the Washington side. Here are our learned rankings, based on personal experience, harvest data, public access and more:


County: Grant
Location: The Alberta Mallard Funeral Home’s Columbia Basin franchise.
Gaminess Quotient: Whisper “Potholes” to see waterfowlers’ eyes roll back in ecstasy over waves of greenheads and duck kabobs hot off the grill. WABirds
Available Critters: If it flies, it dies here – and in droves. Perennially Washington’s top county for ducks, geese, doves and pheasant, it’s also among the best for quail, is all right for partridge, and we would be remiss if we didn’t mention the best-in-the-state snipe hunting (no, seriously!).
Why It’s So Great: Take 2,800 miles of basalt, nuke it with dozens of Missoula Floods, add water in the form of the Columbia Basin Irrigation Project and voilà – instant ponds, impenetrable thickets and feeding grounds galore! Having more pheasant release sites than any other county in the 509 doesn’t hurt either.
The Only Drawback: As birdy as Grant County is, it don’t got grouse. Well, except for those dancing ones you can’t shoot.
Access: Amply endowed with state and federal wildlife areas, as well as sprawling BLM ground and private lands open through the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife’s access programs. Top spots include Winchester and Frenchman Hills Wasteways, Gloyd Seeps, Potholes Reservoir, lower Crab Creek and the infamous Stratford Firing Line.
Yahtzee!: A midwinter thaw that sucks ducks back north from southern Columbia Basin waters.
Pro Tip: Go ahead and rent a room in Moses Lake or cabin at Mar Don – sleeping in your rig to get the best blind spot can lead to frostbite, or worse, buddy warming, not that there’s anything wrong with that.
Info: WDFW Ephrata (509-754-4624); The Duck Taxi (800-416-2736); Mardon Resort (509-346-2651); Grant County Tourism (509-921-5579);

County: Skagit
Location: Just this side of Amsterdam’s red light district. Gaminess Quotient: Mount Vernon’s the home of the world-famous Greenhead Tulip®!*
Available Critters: Huge flocks of mallards, pintails and
wigeons annually winter on the vast Skagit and Samish River Deltas, while blizzards of snow geese wing in from Russia with love. The county’s eastern forests also produce the second-best west-slope Cascades grouse harvest. WAbirds2
Why It’s So Great: Herds of hard-working Dutch farmers and a whole lot of erosion over the eons have created some of the best waterfowl habitat on the West Coast. Protected saltwater bays provide night roosts very close to productive aglands. The Only Drawback: The looks you get from snow goose looky-loos … “Mommy, why are those birds dropping from the air?”
Access: Several thousand acres scattered around the deltas are owned by WDFW. Boat ramps provide good access onto the waters of the bays – just know the tides.
Yahtzee!: Rains that  flood farm fields, providing standing water for quackers to better access forage.
Pro Tip: Look into WDFW’s Private Lands Access Program – for this season, nearly three dozen farmers have enrolled their lands in the program.
Info: WDFW Mill Creek (425-775-1311)
*OK, so we made that flower up.

County: Yakima
Location: At the intersection of Elky Avenue and Birdy Boulevard. Gaminess Quotient: The county’s name is a Native American word for “well-fed people.”
Available Critters: Along with grouse and bears, elk haunt the highlands, while the Yakima Valley holds strong populations of doves, quail and pheasants and draws in migrating ducks and geese. Why It’s So Great: The South Cascades’ vast forests and large meadows provide pasturage for the state’s largest elk herd, and irrigated croplands in the valley fatten the feathered ones finely. The Only Drawback: An exotic louse has sucked the life out of the county’s deer hunting. WAmixedbag1
Access: Much of the northwestern end of the county is national forest and state lands, and a Yakima Nation hunting permit or Yakima Training Center Outdoor Recreation Card open up thousands more acres of tribal and federal ground to pursue game. Yahtzee!: Midfall blizzards that stampede wapiti out of the mountains.
Pro Tip: Fit right in around the campfire with longtime Yakima elk hunters by recalling how Uncle So-and-so was among the riflemen who had to be choppered out of the Nile, Bethel, etc., when the Great Snowstorm of November 1985 struck.
Info: WDFW Yakima (509-575-2740);;

County: Pacific
Location: The rumply, bumpy lands that Long Beach Peninsula kites fly off to to die.
Gaminess Quotient: Wusses Lewis & Clark totally blew it when they quit Dismal Nitch for Astoria.
Available Critters: Elk, bear and deer roam the timbered hills and grassy estuaries of this rain-lashed South Coast county, while Willapa Bay sucks in ducks and geese, and hosts the state’s only regularly scheduled brant season. WAmixedbag2
Why It’s So Great: Active timber harvesting creates those successional landscapes that big game do so well in, and the logging road network provides good hunting access. As for Willapa Bay, it’s only the second largest West Coast estuary and provides key winter habitatfor honkers, wigeon and other waterfowl.
The Only Drawback: So much private timberland – Rayonier, Weyerhaueser, former Longview Fibre lands – is now fee-access or closed to lease hunters only.
Access: Four large blocks of DNR land and the Willapa National Wildlife Refuge provide the bulk of free access, while Weyerhaueser and Rayonier permits will set you back $50 to $200.
Yahtzee!: Inland ice-ups that flush birds out to coastal bays.
Pro Tip: WDFW’s deputy chief and one of its captains live in and patrol this country in their spare time, so better be on your best behavior!
Info: WDFW Montesano (360-249-4628)

County: Stevens
Location: A-woooooooooay up in Northeast Washington.
Gaminess Quotient: There’s a reason so many wolves moved in – and it ain’t just the taste of the Dashiels’ mutton and McIrvins’ beeves.
Available Critters: Whitetail deer are the bread-and-butter crop, but elk, black bear and cougars are taken in fair numbers, and a few muleys turn up too. At the rate they’re multiplying it might not be long before Canis lupus makes this list as well. WAbiggame
Why It’s So Great: The county presents the perfect mix of old farming operations in the valleys backed up against working timberlands. The end of the four-point minimum for whitetails in the Huckleberry and 49 Degrees North units will only help the harvest this month.
The Only Drawback: Did we mention the wolves? Actually, so far state data isn’t showing a strong, clear signal – some deer units in the region are below prewolf-arrival harvest levels, while hunter success rates have gone up in others.
Access: Good mapping will help locate the many scattered chunks of state forest, BLM and National Park Service lands in the lowlands, while Colville National Forest, Little Pend Oreille NWR and industrial timberlands provide hunting ground higher up.
Yahtzee!: A mid-November snowfall makes for classic conditions to hunt rutty flagtails.
Pro Tip: Might want to leave your mystical-howling-wolf-under-the-stars T-shirt at the county line.
Info: WDFW Spokane (509-892-1001); Colville Chamber of Commerce ( NS


Harney, Malheur
Location: A European-country-sized chunk of Southeast Oregon with more mule deer than people.
Gaminess Quotient: The words Steens, Hart Mountain and Owyhee perk the ears of those who hunt for big mule deer.
Available Critters: Some of Oregon’s biggest bucks reside in these counties’ wildlife units, and hunters lucky enough to draw one of the coveted permits stand an excellent chance of bagging the buck of a lifetime. ORDeer
Why It’s So Great: Habitat and genetics. The Steens Mountains, which includes 428,156 acres of public lands, offer diverse scenic and recreational experiences. Rich with nutrients for massive antler growth, these breathtaking highlands descend to the sageladen desert and grasslands where mule deer are meant to thrive. Massive bucks spend summers in the high country and migrate to the lower reaches of desert, grasslands and ranchproperties to winter. In addition, there are trophy-class antelope, good numbers of upland birds and northern portions also hold good numbers of elk.
Access: There are several state and federal wildlife areas, BLM and USFS lands, as well as private ranches open to the public. There are some access restrictions and permission requirements on refuges and private lands. Top spots include the aforementioned Steens Mountains, Juniper, Hart Mountain, Owyhee Mountains, Burns, Jordan Valley and the Malheur lowlands.
Pro Tip: Motels are available in Burns, Frenchglen, Steens Mt. Resort, Vale, Ontario and other small towns in between. Also, there are numerous campgrounds for trailers and tent camping. However, for some of the best opportunities, packing into the high country or hiking away from roads and setting up spike camps will be your best bet.
Info: ODFW Hines (541-573-6582); BLM Burns (541573-4400); Department of Forestry (541-947-3311)

County: Jackson
Location: Pages 1-20 of the Oregon hunting record book’s blacktail section.
Gaminess quotient: If you want a trophy-class buck, head due south. Available Critters: Big bucks are not uncommon here, and some have been documented to migrate over 100 miles during the fall. Migration from higher elevations near 6,000 feet begins in September and lasts through November in the Rogue and Siskiyou National Forests. ORDeer2
Why It’s So Great: Habitat near Medford is excellent and grows some of the biggest blacktails known to man and is famous for doing so. The land has an abundance of pine, madrona and oak savannah habitat in which deer thrive. Additionally, the national forests and large amount of BLM holdings throughout the region are easily accessible. In addition, there are good amounts of elk, turkey, bear and other upland birds for the taking. Recent fires have also enhanced habitat for game and these locations will be prime for several years to come.
Access: With all the open public and private land, accessing good hunting is just a short drive or hike away from the nearest trailhead or campground. The Siskiyou-Rogue National Forest consists of 628,443 acres, much of which is located in Jackson County. Additionally, the 1,760 acres of Denman Wildlife Area near Eagle Point offers some great hunting opportunities for waterfowl and upland enthusiasts. There are several choices of hotels in Medford and small neighboring towns and lots of campgrounds.
Pro Tip: To find a trophy-class buck, a backpack hunt or setting up a spike camp is recommended. Also, make sure to always have a fall bear and cougar tag when you’re hunting here.
Info: ODFW Central Point (541-426-3279); BLM Medford (541-618-220); Jackson County Parks (541-774-8183)

County: Morrow
Location: Where the Columbia meets the Blues.
Gaminess Quotient: Very similar to Washington’s superbirdy Grant County, except with grouse! Top that!
Available Critters: Birds of a feather flock together – pheasant, quail and chukar thrive on Conservation Reserve Program lands and the rolling grain fields, and if that’s not enough, the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge is crawling with waterfowl in fall and winter. ORbirds
Why It’s So Great: Habitat is excellent here. The land has been enhanced with CRP setasides, and it grows a multitude of cereal, grass and forage crops. The wooded heights in the Umatilla National Forest provide some of the best grouse hunting that Oregon has to offer, while lower down, this part of the Columbia Basin is famous for its waterfowling and the Umatilla NWR provides hunters with top quality hunts. There are also excellent opportunities for mule deer, whitetail and elk in the national forest.
Access: With a multitude of BLM, USFS and private CRP ranches, this section of Oregon is a prime ticket for any upland hunter looking to score on a multitude of species. Hotels are available in Boardman, Heppner and Umatilla. There are also several campgrounds throughout the Umatilla National Forest and Morrow County Parks.
Pro Tip: Some of the best hunting locations are found on the CRP acreage throughout the county. Calling landowners and asking for permission to hunt is your best bet. There can also be decent opportunities for quail and pheasant in and near the Umatilla NWR and its 23,555 acres.
Info: ODFW Heppner (541-676-5230); BLM Prineville (541-416-6700); Morrow County Parks (541-989-8214) for reservations; Umatilla NWR (509-546-8500); Field n Marsh Outfitter & Kennels (541-490-1300)

County: Wallowa
Location: Clinging onto the northeast corner of Oregon at the edge of the Grande Ronde’s and Hells Canyons.
Gaminess Quotient: Where Oregon elkaholics go to get their fix. Available Critters: Big bulls roam the high reaches of the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest, Eagle Cap Wilderness and the Snake River Divide. Oftentimes, it takes several years to draw a desired permit. However, there are several archery and rifle permits up for grabs over the counter for hunters to take advantage of. Sled Springs, Imnaha, Pine Creek, Minam and Snake River are top choices. ORElk
Why It’s So Great: Massive swaths of public land and the steep country of Hells Canyon provide sanctuary to not just large bull elk, but mule deer, whitetails, bighorn sheep and mountain goats. Access: Seemingly endless amounts of USFS and BLM land provide hunters with a plethora of options. In addition, there are several travel management areas throughout Wallowa County that restrict the use of motorized vehicles, but allow sportsmen on.
Pro Tip: You do not have to get far off the road or away from a trailhead to find success here. However, backcountry trips on foot or by horse will produce the best results for trophy Rocky Mountain elk, deer, bear and cougar. There are also good numbers of turkey, grouse and mountain quail to be had. Hunters may also encounter wolves in these remote locations and should be aware that packs are expanding their territory here.
Info: ODFW Enterprise (541-426-3279); BLM Vale (541473-3144); Wallowa County Chamber of Commerce (541-426-4622) NS