All posts by JHines

How to Understand Minute of Angle

Full guide on how to understand MOA (Minute of Angle) and to compensate for the bullet drop.
Learn how to calculate MOA and adjusting on the elevation turrets.

In the course of perfecting your shooting accuracy, you will hear the word MOA. If you don’t know what it is, then shooting on target will be the hardest thing to achieve. For those who know it, they realize that some calculations are crucial if you want to improve on accuracy.

Now, what are those calculations? Will they make shooting a rocket science subject? If you are asking such questions, the information below is for you. You will see how easy it is to understand Minute of Angle when we break it down into digestible chunks that will aid you in hitting the bull’s eye every time you aim.

MOA Meaning

So you are asking, what is MOA? It stands for Minute of Angle as explained in the title. Here, a minute refers to 1/60th of a degree. Think about the minutes in an hour. One minute is a 1/60th of an hour. When it comes to shooting, it refers to a tiny fraction of one angle.

Look at the circle. It has 360 degrees. Now, take out only one degree then divide it 60 times. That’s the portion we are talking about here. Despite being so small, the difference it can make in hitting the target is more than enormous.

Why Do We Need To Measure Shooting In Minutes?

I guessed right. That’s your next question. If you look at how a bullet moves, it does so in an arc which is not a perfect one. As it travels further, the force of gravity becomes larger hence the decrease in velocity. That makes the arc’s slope steeper.
You may notice that you are shooting dead on at closer targets like about 200 yards away. However, as you aim further than let’s say 600 yards, you note that you are hitting lower than the target point. The distance between where your bullet hits and the target is known as the bullet drop. It’s measured in inches.

We call the path followed by a bullet as the bullet’s trajectory. It happens in an arc, and that is why we need to measure it in degrees if we want to cover for the bullet drop successfully. That is where MOA comes in as a useful measurement.

The Relationship between MOA and Distance
MOA is not dependent on distance. If you thought there was a relation, well it’s a bit complicated here. We use MOA as an angular measurement as opposed to linear. That’s what we adjust a long range target scope on a rifle using the elevation turret. So, how do we translate MOA to a linear measurement?

Apply this rule: 1 minute (or 1 MOA) is one inch at 100 yards. One inch here is an approximation since it’s actually 1.047 inches. For shooting, we disregard the 0.047 inches and round it off to one. However, in long-distance shooting, it becomes applicable.

What does the above mean? It implies that if you make a minute adjustment on the scope, you are using, there is a 1-inch change in the bullet’s point of impact at 100 yards. On the other hand, the size in inches increases as you go further than 100 yards, but it’s still one minute.

Distance in Yards 1 MOA Change in Size (Rounded Off)
100 1 inch
200 2 inch
300 3 inch
400 4 inch
500 5 inch
600 6 inch
700 7 inch
800 8 inch
900 9 inch
1000 10 inch

Understanding MOA

If you want an accurate shot after precise aiming, you need to know how to use MOA to solve the bullet drop. That means utilizing the elevation turret at the top of the scope.

Determine the Bullet Drop

Go to the range and shoot a group. Make sure you know the distance you are shooting from and the bullet drop. After that, memorize what 1MOA is at that distance. You can refer to the chart above.

If you are 300 yards away and you are three inches low from the target, that means making the necessary adjustments to go dead on in the next shoot out. 1 MOA is three inches at 300 yards. To recover for the drop, you will need to go up 1 MOA.
Having figured out that, we can now deduce a formula to help us calculate faster.

Formula to Calculate 1MOA size at any distance:

Distance to the target (yards) /100 = inches per MOA for the distance.

If you are 400 yards away, then that will be 400/100 = 4 inches.
1 MOA is 4 inches at 400 yards. That implies that you need 1 MOA for every 4 inches off the target.

If you want to use the exact measurements, then know that 1 MOA = 1.047 inches
Using the exact measurements, we can use the following formula:
(Distance to the target in yards x 1.047) / 100 = inches per MOA for the distance.

So, using the example above:
(400 x 1.047) / 100 = 4.188 which translates to 4.2 inches.

Calculating the Bullet Drop

Now that we can calculate the MOA at a given distance, how do you go about calculating the bullet drop?

Suppose the bullet drop is 40 inches from the target as you shoot 400 yards away. We know that we need 1 MOA for every four-inch drop at that distance.

Here is how to calculate the MOA adjustments we need for the 40-inch bullet drop:
Number of the bullet drop inches / MOA inches at the given distance = MOA needed

Therefore, 40 inches low / 4 inches (1 MOA is 4 inches at 100 yards) = 10 MOA adjustments on the scope

Now that you know the MOA needed to adjust to hit dead on, you can translate that to the scope by making the MOA adjustment via the top turret.

Translating the MOA on Turrets
Riflescopes come with the following specifications:
1/8 MOA turrets
1/4 MOA turrets
1/2 MOA turrets
1 MOA turrets

Depending on the featured MOA adjustment, it means that the turret will turn in such increments. Therefore, ¼ MOA turret will have ¼ increments, and the same applies to the rest.

Each time you move the turret, it clicks, and the lines below the numbers guide you. So, if your scope says it has the ¼ MOA adjustments, it means you need four quarters or four clicks to make 1 MOA. If it says ½ MOA adjustment, then you need two clicks to make 1 MOA.

For our case above, if you have ¼ MOA adjustments on your scope, to get to 10 MOA will require 40 clicks.

If 1 MOA needs four clicks, then 10 MOA x 4 clicks per MOA = 40 clicks.

If you have a ½ MOA scope, you will need 20 clicks if you apply the analogy in the last statement above.

Wrapping up

Was it that hard? I hope not since everything can now be understood. As you can see, the calculations help you aim better as opposed to complicating the aiming setup. If it has not yet sunk in, here is a video that explains more about MOA and how to calculate it. If you have read the information above up to this point, then this video will help you see what we are talking about and apply the knowledge in the field.

If you are all set, then it’s time not to miss the target!

Article by Steve Coffman

Techron ® Protection Plus Marine Fuel System Treatment Receives “2019 Top Product” Award from Boating Industry Magazine

SAN RAMON, Calif. (May 1, 2019) — Leading marine business journal Boating Industry
magazine today recognized Techron ® Protection Plus Marine Fuel System Treatment with a
“2019 Top Products” award. Hand-picked by the editorial staff of Boating Industry from
among hundreds of nominations, this coveted award is bestowed annually to 50 products
that stand out for the innovation, uniqueness and benefits they bring to boaters and the

Products and services entered for consideration come from every segment of the
industry ranging from boats and engines to electronics, accessories, apps and more.
Following extended development and testing, Techron Marine was launched in August of
2018 as a comprehensive new fuel system treatment formulated specifically for gasoline-
powered boats.

It’s exclusive alcohol and emulsifier-free formula doesn’t contribute to water uptake and provides boaters with superior protection and performance, along with the
proven engine cleaning power of the Techron brand. Techron Marine also stabilizes fuel for up to 24 months, so the same treatment boaters use with every fill-up can provide extended protection during winter storage or other periods of non-use.

“Our extensive industry research identified gaps in the performance of the marine fuel
additives in the market compared to the standard of performance that is needed out of a
fuel additive — we developed our formula to exceed this standard,” said Joe DeFina,
Chevron’s Fuel Additives Global Brand Manager for Techron. “When you consider the
stressful engine run cycles, the harsh operating environment, E10 fuel and the intermittent use that is typical with boats, it was clear there was a need for a new, comprehensive solution.

The rapid market response to our company’s first marine-specific fuel treatment and the positive feedback we’ve already received from boating enthusiasts, the marine press and the industry has been very encouraging. We are extremely honored to receive this award from Boating Industry.”
Techron Marine is available for purchase at WestMarine and AutoZone stores nationwide
and on,,, , and

Fighting Saltwater Corrosion from Stem to Stern

Boats that are used and stored in saltwater environments are under constant attack from a variety of corrosive elements. Every metal component on your boat, right down to the smallest screw or hose clamp, is susceptible to corrosion related damage. Sometimes, it’s simply a cosmetic issue, like a pitted railing or orange streaks wherever finish screws meet gelcoat. Corrosion damage can also result in much worse problems, including mechanical breakdowns and engine issues that can ruin a day on the water and/or put a big dent in your bank account.

You aren’t powerless against corrosion, however. Even though it’s a persistent foe, boaters who fight the good fight against corrosion can keep their vessels running well and looking good. Here are five key ways to battle corrosion in all areas of your boat:

Keep it Clean — Wash your boat thoroughly with soap and fresh water after every trip. Don’t stop with just quickly hosing down the deck; wash and scrub from bow to stern, paying special attention to metal components like railings, rod holders and hinges (hint: use a soft-bristle brush on everything other than the cockpit sole). Then thoroughly flush your engine with fresh water to remove any traces of salt water from the cooling system. If you keep your boat on a trailer, wash the trailer thoroughly with soap and water as well, making sure to rinse all of the salt off of the brakes.

Keep it Protected — If your boat is stored in its slip, make sure to tilt the outboard or I/O lower unit to its highest position, so your running gear isn’t constantly bathed in salt water. It’s also important to always keep your boat covered, whether in a slip or on the trailer. Towel-dry your boat after washing and install a full cover after every trip. Custom-made covers are a worthwhile investment because they are made to fit your boat securely and prevent pooling of rainwater or condensation.

Watch Your Zincs — Make sure you know where all of the sacrificial zinc anodes are throughout your boat, and replace them if they are degraded. These zinc “tabs” are commonly found on the engine lower unit and transom, but they can also be found inside the engine compartment, as part of your running gear, and elsewhere. Check your boat and engine owner’s manual to confirm how many there are and where they are. Zincs are made to be eaten away over time; by doing so they “sacrifice” themselves to protect other metallic components against galvanic corrosion. If they are neglected and wear away, they cannot perform this protective function.

Lubricate the Little Things — Lubrication doesn’t just keep things moving, it also protects against water intrusion and rust. Apply marine grease to the fittings on your outboard steering tilt tube and engine trim mechanism. On sterndrive boats, hit the gimbal bearing and engine coupler. Periodically go around the boat and apply a light coat of moisture-displacing lubricant to the myriad moving metal parts such as latches, hinges, linkages, bow rollers and the like. If it’s metal and it moves, treat it. Check your boat and engine owner’s manual to ensure you’ve identified all recommended lubrication points.

Protect Your Engine & Fuel System — Regardless how meticulously you treat corrosion on the outside your boat, it’s most painful in places where it can’t be seen – like inside your boat’s fuel system and engine. Techron® Marine Protection Plus Fuel System Treatment from Chevron is scientifically formulated to provide best-in-class corrosion protection in the harshest marine environments for the entire fuel system. Adding just one ounce per 10 gallons of fuel with every fill up will help keep any gasoline-powered boat running clean and strong all season long. Techron Marine also stabilizes fuel for an impressive 24 months. Additionally, store your boat with a full tank of fuel (95% or more) and take care of fuel system components you can see, by inspecting fuel lines, fittings, hose clamps, inline fuel filters and water-separating fuel filters. Clean or replace as needed.

It’s true that rust never sleeps. It can, however, be kept at bay by boaters who battle corrosion as an important part of their maintenance routine. To learn more about cleaning and protecting your boat’s fuel system and engine, visit

Lance Camper Announces Top Dealer Awards

Lancaster, CA – 4/18/2019 – Lancaster based Lance Camper Mfg. Corp. announces top dealer award results for the 2018 season. Results are based on retail sales of new Lance Ultra-Light Travel Trailers and Truck Campers. “Congratulations to all of our key dealer partners who achieved significant sales success last season. We look forward to another very strong year in 2019.” Stated Gary Conley, Lance Camper National Sales Manager.

Top Overall Dealer: ?Top Camper Dealer:?Top Trailer Dealer😕
Richard’s Boat Center – Lancaster, CAGalaxy Campers – Ontario, CATom’s Camperland – Mesa, AZ

Top Truck Camper Dealers:
Tom’s Camperland?- Mesa, AZ
Pro Trucks Plus – Livermore, CA
Richard’s Boat Center -?Lancaster, CA
Parkview Auto & Trailer – Smyrna, DE
Ocean Grove RV Sales – St. Augustine, FL
Pacific Travel Center – Tacoma, WA
Mattas Motors & Marine – Grand Junction, CO
Hill’s Auto & RVs – Yakima, WA
Toscano RV Center – Los Banos, CA

Top Travel Trailer Dealers😕
Tom’s Camperland – Mesa, AZ
Parris RV -?Murray, UT
Princess Craft – Round Rock, TX
North Country RV – Ham Lake, MN
Reeds Trailer Sales – Petaluma, CA
Clearview RV – Snohomish, WA
Lazy Days RV FL – Seffner, FL
Trailer Hitch RV – Nipomo, CA
Ketelsen Campers of Colorado -?Wheat Ridge, CO

Optimizing your Boat’s Performance

Whether you’re a tournament bass pro, weekend warrior or an offshore fishing enthusiast, you always want your boat to perform at its absolute best. The same holds true for family pleasure boaters who find their on-the-water thrills racing across the lake or pulling skiers, tubes and wakeboards.

Fortunately, there are some easy steps you can take to make sure your rig runs strong and fast, while squeezing the most range out of every gallon of gas. And remember, there is more to performance than just acceleration and top-end speed. Easy starting in cold conditions, smooth, even idling and trouble-free trolling are just as important to a great day on the water.

Here are some helpful tips to optimize your boat’s performance:

Keep Your Bottom Smooth. Anything that interferes with the flow of water over the hull bottom can negatively effect acceleration, top-speed and fuel efficiency. If your boat is stored in a slip, make sure to regularly have your hull bottom and running gear professionally cleaned, and apply a fresh coat of bottom paint (which impedes marine growth) every two years, at least. If your boat has a thru-hull transducer, consider installing a modern in-hull flush mount that sits flush with the hull surface. Even boats on trailers can see performance benefits when you fill and sand smooth any cracks or gouges in the boat’s gelcoat surface.

Get Properly Propped. Having the ideal propeller size, type and style for your boat can make a huge difference in both acceleration and overall performance. Engine manufacturers will usually provide recommendations as to which size (diameter), pitch and number of blades might perform best. Pitch — sized in inches and indicating how far the boat is propelled forward with each revolution — is especially important. A low-pitched (or “short”) prop is like low gear on a car. It will provide fast acceleration or “hole shot,” but may cause the engine to over-rev before reaching optimal speed. A high-pitched prop can deliver top speed, but a prop that is “too tall” can result in a boat that has a hard time getting up on plane. It can also make it hard for the boat’s engine to reach it optimal operating range. The ideal prop for each boat is one that provides strong acceleration while allowing the engine to reach the recommended maximum RPM range at wide-open throttle.

Properly Trim Your Rig. The performance of any boat — particularly high-powered outboard rigs — can be greatly affected by adjusting the trim. Trim is essentially the running attitude of the hull. A boat that is “trimmed down” too much will ride with the bow low in the water, decreasing speed and efficiency. Think of it like driving a car uphill all the time.

A boat that is “trimmed up” too much will tend to get airborne, pound over the waves or “porpoise” when running at a consistent speed. Operators can fine-tune a boat’s trim by adjusting the tilt/trim mechanism on the outboard motor or outdrive to a position where the boat rides smoothly and level. Simply by adjusting engine trim, you can see the boat pick up RPMs and speed without touching the throttle. Boats with hydraulic or electric trim tabs can make much finer adjustments to the overall trim angle and even adjust each side of the boat individually to accommodate weight balance. A well-trimmed boat will be running level (not listing to either side) and should fall within maximum operating RPM when running at full throttle.

Keep The Engine Clean. A clean engine is a strong running, smooth and efficient engine. But how do you keep your boat’s engine clean and protected against corrosion in the harsh marine environment? New Techron® Marine Protection Plus Fuel Treatment restores power and performance and optimizes fuel efficiency by cleaning fuel injectors, throttle bodies, carburetors and combustion chambers.

This exclusive formula, designed to clean up gasoline engines and keep them clean with every fill-up, removes intake valve deposits in port fuel injected engines for smoother idling and enhanced throttle response. Techron’s proven cleaning power also helps minimize cold starting problems while removing gum and varnish in the fuel system. If your boat has to sit for any amount of time, you also have the confidence of knowing that Techron Marine stabilizes fuel up to 24 months.

These are just some of the ways fishing and boating enthusiasts can get the most performance, efficiency and fun out of their vessels.
To learn more about optimizing boat performance with the cleaning power of Techron,

Waterfowling And The YouTube Generation

With mentors lacking, duck- and goose-hunting newbies are turning to video-posting educator-entertainers, but are there limitations to what you can learn?

By M.D. Johnson

My Old Man taught me how to hunt ducks. He took me. He showed me. He suffered through my mistakes, and, I believe, he relished my accomplishments. Like my first duck (1974). My first goose (1979). And the time I got frostbite while hunting the Scioto River in central Ohio (1987), and all the skin on my fingertips turned grey and sloughed off. Not an accomplishment, I don’t reckon, but he was there for that one, too.

My introduction into the waterfowling arts was, for the time, typical. We had fathers and uncles, grandfathers and that grumpy old guy next door who loved to hunt but generally hated everyone; still, and for whatever reason, he took a shine to us and would take us with him every now and again.

From these men, we learned the finer points of waterfowling. How to do this. How to do that. Decoys. Guns. Dogs. Wind. Range estimation. Sometimes the lessons came with praise; other things, with a swat upside the head.

Either way, we learned, and the schooling, at least for some of us, stuck. Today, it’s different. Fewer people hunt waterfowl. Period. And of those, there are fewer of the aforementioned blood relatives or crotchety old neighbors to show nimrods how to set a spread, run a call, train a dog, or patch a ripped set of waders. So, that said, who’s teaching this next generation how to duck hunt?

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Once, newbies to waterfowling like author MD Johnson learned the sport from their dads, uncles, grandpas. These days, those figures may not be available or never took up hunting, leaving a knowledge gap that’s being filled by enthusiastic camera- and tech-savvy YouTubers like Bobby Guy. “Absolutely I consider myself both an educator and an entertainer,” says Guy, whose YouTube channel BobbyGuyFilms was closing in on 67,000 subscribers last month, up significantly from this past summer. (SCREEN SHOT FROM BOBBY GUY FILMS)

YOUTUBE, THAT’S WHO. Is it all being done, the education that is, via Al Gore’s Internet? Absolutely not, but here in the 2018-19 waterfowl season, an amazing number of new-to-the sport duck hunters are learning the ropes, per se, by watching hours and hours of YouTube videos.

Washington duck hunter Jeff Landers and his boys Nate and Ben are three of the many. I met Landers a year or so ago when I sold him a layout blind for his boy. A simple business transaction led to frequent conversations, the common denominator being waterfowl and waterfowl hunting.

Admittedly new to ‘fowling, Landers, a pastor/international missionary, wanted to get his sons involved, but understood his knowledge when it came to duck hunting was lacking. Enter YouTube.

“I wouldn’t say (YouTube) was our primary source of information,” Landers said. “We would connect with other men and women who had the experience, and we’d spend time with them in the field.

Then,” he continued, “the boys would come home and look on YouTube for specific things based on things they’d seen in the field. Things like ‘Why don’t more people hunt shovelers?’ or ‘Why aren’t coots as prized as other ducks?'”

“Too,” he said, “I think YouTube is a way to keep these new people engaged throughout the week until they can go hunting again. A lot of these people come home from a hunt, can’t stop thinking about it, and YouTube plays a key role in keeping them engaged. But it’s not necessarily the be all/end all of (duck hunting) training.”

Landers’ sons, like many novice waterfowlers across the nation, I’m sure, turn to YouTube not only for educational purposes, but for definition.

“Both of the boys,” he said, “have this exposure in the field, and then they come home and start researching what they’ve seen. They’ll watch videos, for instance, and then try what they’ve seen in the field the next time they’re out. Or they’ll make a mention of something they’ve seen, as in ‘Dad, did you know such-and-such?’ I’d say my boys are watching videos – outdoor videos – on a daily basis, but they’re using it more like a readily accessible encyclopedia or magazine.”

SHIFT GEARS A bit, if you don’t mind. I’ve been to Hutchinson, Kansas. I’ve hunted ducks on the Cheyenne Bottoms, pass-shot geese on the firing line, and stubbled layout blinds in more than one field. Trust me; it’s an incredible place, if you’re a waterfowler.

Thirty-one-year-old Bobby Guy lives there, and he lives and breathes waterfowl hunting. So much so that in 2016, he ran his first video episode on YouTube on a channel he calls BobbyGuyFilms.

“My goal,” reads the description on the home page of his channel, “is to teach waterfowl hunting. If you’re looking for big waterfowl hunting, you’ve found it.”

Apparently, Guy’s hitting the mark, as he definitely has an audience. Before this season opened, he had in the neighborhood of 24,000 subscribers; at this end of the season, it’s more than double that, 66,000-plus as of press time last month.

“Absolutely I consider myself both an educator and an entertainer,” he told me. “The 21st Century wants entertainment, but they want real entertainment. Not fake entertainment, like reality TV. So it’s both. On YouTube, I have to teach the world (how to duck hunt) in an entertaining way.”

And Guy practiced what he now preaches.

“I wasn’t blowing a duck call or a goose call at age 8 or 10 or 12. I didn’t have Dad to teach me how to duck hunt. My stepdad taught me how to quail hunt, but I had to go to YouTube to learn to duck hunt. To learn how to blow a feed chuckle on a duck call.”

That, he said, was 15 years ago or so. But surprisingly, Guy’s audience isn’t made up primarily of 15-year-olds. In fact, his primary viewing audience consists of men, ages 25 to 34, with his secondary group of visual consumers ranging from 34 to 42 years of age.

“I would say a heavy 75 percent, maybe 80 percent of my viewers are public (land) hunters in their first one or two years of duck hunting,” said Guy when we spoke last summer.

But with great power comes great responsibility. Guy is, like it or not – and note, I get the impression he absolutely loves what he does – a leader. A mentor. An educator to be mimicked.

“Everything I teach them (my viewers),” he said, “they do. They run with it. But there have been things,” he confided, “that I’ve done wrong. Where I’ve messed up. There is an element of self-responsibility. Of maturity. It is a heavy weight (I’ve taken on). It’s not easy, and it’s not for everyone. Not everyone should try to influence people. It can be very complicated, and it’s a lot of work.”

Along with software that makes editing easy, waterfowling videos often include new and interesting angles. “I think YouTube is a way to keep these new people engaged throughout the week until they can go hunting again,” says Washington duck hunter Jeff Landers whose young sons watch episodes between outings. “But it’s not necessarily the be all/end all of (duck hunting) training,” he adds. (SCREEN SHOT FROM BOBBY GUY FILMS)

TODAY’S IS A very personal world. An immediate world. A reach-out-and-touch-damn-near-everyone-at-any-time world. And it’s all part of Guy’s program.

“I get a lot of people (in the field) holding their phone in front of their face saying, ‘Hey Bobby! What gun should I buy?’ or, ‘What duck spread should I use?’ or, ‘I want to hunt snow geese. What do I need?’ People are intrigued by waterfowl hunting. And it’s cool. A lot of these people are older, and they have a little money. And they found (duck hunting) on YouTube.”

“Let’s face it,” he continued, “commercial TV has gone down the tubes. You have YouTube in your pocket. It’s your nightly watch. It’s more personalized; in fact, it’s as personalized as it gets. You can subscribe to a YouTube blogger who does what you do. Or what you want to do, whether it’s a woman doing her nails or a guy teaching you to duck hunt.”

Do I use YouTube as an electronic educator? Damn right, I do. Via any number of channels, I’ve learned to build wooden display boxes, cheaply repair busted PVC pipe, fix small carburetors, and tend to blueberry bushes here in Wahkiakum County, on the Lower Columbia. Duck hunting, I learned from my father and face-to-face from a long line of men, who possessed collectively more seasons of experience than Carter has little liver pills.

Guys over 50, you know what I’m talking about. But the world is different now. Faster. More streamlined. Fewer fathers hunt; thus, fewer ’fowl teachers exist. Still, people, i.e. new waterfowlers, hunger for information. They crave it. Need it. But it needs to be the right information. Legally correct. Ethically strong. Responsible. Safe. Conscientious. Conservation-minded. So I ask guys like Guy and other online hunting educators: Are you doing it right? Are you?

ORIGINALLY, MY PLAN, so to speak, was to ride, albeit gently, both these YouTubers – non-traditional heathens – and those who “learned” waterfowl and waterfowl hunting electronically.

Also non-traditional heathens.

But then, as the kids from South Park would say, I learned something today. With grandpa gone, and with fathers and uncles at a premium, who’s going to teach these up-andcomers, if not for YouTube? Magazines – and my apologies, Dear Editor – have for the most part gone the way of buck-fifty fuel, and dreadfully fewer and further between are the newspapers with weekly outdoor columns, which, even if they did exist, would require the aforementioned reading, and we know that’s not cool.

So the question remains: Who, then, are the ‘fowling teachers, if not for YouTube? And, too, I’ll admit, if I had ridden these folks unmercifully, would I not be a hypocrite? Wasn’t it YouTube that taught me how to repair busted PVC pipe without digging up everything?

And wasn’t it YouTube that coached me when I was building dormers on the garage? And repairing the chimney? And replacing the throttle body gasket on Grandpa’s ’93 Chevy Work Truck? So is it a good thing, this YouTube, when it comes to teaching 21st Century duck hunters how to duck hunt? It can be, I reckon, as long as it’s being done right.

Sure, YouTube can talk you through the first four stages of being a hunter – shooting ops, whacking and stacking, killing the unicorn, perfecting skills – but author MD Johnson wonders, what about the fifth, where the overall experience is far more important than killing? “Stage Five … needs a person. A been there and done-that waterfowler,” he writes. Maybe so, maybe today’s crop of duck- and goose-hunting YouTubers will eventually get there too. (CHAD ZOLLER)

Which brings me to a final (really!) note regarding Internet-based instruction being done right. Yes, you can teach someone to duck hunt via YouTube. You can teach them the basics of patterning, decoy selection, spread design, concealment, wind direction, calls and calling, safety, and, to some extent, ethics. But before we go any further, let’s review the Five Stages of Hunting. You know them, right?

  • Stage 1, The Shooting Stage: The quality of the hunt is determined by the amount of shooting opportunities afforded
  • Stage 2, The Bag Limit Stage: The quality of the hunt is determined by the amount of game harvested. Limits
    are important
  • Stage 3, The Trophy Stage: The biggest buck; an all-greenhead limit, a 25-pound gobbler. The bigger, the better here
  • Stage 4, The Method Stage: How the hunt is accomplished is most important, e.g. a homemade muzzleloader or
    hand-made game call
  • Stage 5, The Experience Stage: The time afield is what’s important, not the game harvested. This is the Sunrise Stage.

Back to YouTube. Yes, you can teach someone about Stages 1 through 4 online. You can show the viewer unplugged guns and spring snows (Shooting). You can show them straps of seven ducks (Limit), seven greenheads (Trophy), and a handturned double reed duck call (Method).

But can YouTube really – really – explain the psychological aspects\ associated with waterfowl hunting? Why we freeze? Why we suffer? Why we work so hard for a duck? One duck. Even no ducks?

Can YouTube convey the emotions involved with watching our 7-year-old grandson retrieve the pair of cacklers we just killed? The ones out of a small flock that followed an even smaller flock of lessers right into the heart of the 18-decoy spread at our feet?

Can YouTube get across to the nimrod the confusion – for lack of a better term – we predators feel when we realize we’re no longer the natural born killers we were at 25? And then the moment you realize, I’m okay with that.

I don’t think so.

I think YouTube has a place; yes, even among waterfowlers.

But I also think it most certainly has limitations. Human limitations. Stage Five is important; perhaps, for many, it’s the most important and most fulfilling of the five stages.

But it needs a person. A been-there and done-that waterfowler. For there are some things for which one must walk in those waders in order to understand. And there’s a huge part of waterfowling hunting that falls under that umbrella.


Toad River Lodge was started from the life-long dreams of two boyhood best friends, Darrel and Matthew. Growing up on neighboring family farms in Edson Alberta, the boys dreamt that one day they would live and play in the north.

After high school they traveled all over western Canada while working in an Alberta oil patch. After leaving the oil business, they began working in a coal mine near Hinton, Alberta. While Matthew continued on at the coal mine, Darrel left and began his own logging company. On their days off they spent their time fishing, hunting, trapping, ATV riding and exploring the Canadian outdoors.

In 1998 they took their families on vacation, traveling along the Alaska Highway. Not only were they on vacation, but they were in search of a new place to call home. In the spring of ’99 Matthew and Darrel became the new owners of the Toad River Lodge.

Concerned about closures in your area? Book the world’s best salmon and halibut fishing in Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), Canada. Click HERE to learn more.

Darrel and Matthew continue to be best friends, spending any free moments enjoying the outdoors.

Whether you are traveling to your final destination or you are looking for a quiet retreat along the Alaska Hwy, Toad River Lodge & RV Park is the ideal place to stop and relax. Family owned and operated, we take great pride in what we do here and we want you to enjoy it and come back to visit us year after year as you travel in the Northern Canadian Wilderness.

Canine Cargo Carrier: The Next Generation in Dog Transportation

After years of experience in building, buying and transporting with just about every type of dog trailer out there, Get My Point, LLC has developed a break-through in dog transportation.

Whether you have show dogs, rescue dogs, hunting dogs, sled dogs, police/military dogs or you are a dog transportation company, we have a trailer for you. Our trailers are designed around our Honeycomb Dog Pods, one of the safest dog boxes on the market today.

Each pod can be put in or taken out of the trailer for versatility like no other dog trailer on the market. The most popular size, the 3-dog Honeycomb Dog Pod, can give you a 6-, 9- or 12-dog trailer in a trailer body less than 10 feet long. If the trailer is made 11 inches taller, it will hold 4 pods of 5 dogs each and have a trailer that carries 20 dogs in a trailer body 10 feet long.

This still allows you to take a pod of 3 out and put it in the back of any half-ton vehicle for short trips and then put it back in the trailer when you need more dogs transported. All with plenty of storage, water and custom features that are not available elsewhere.

The top priority in our tandem, torsion axle, steel roll-bar cage design is safety. Creating a very secure structure for your dogs is our goal.

Each trailer is fully insulated and has a ventilation system that creates a draft-free and dust-free environment, unlike conventional dog trailers that put your dogs in drafty, dusty and vehicle
exhaust-filled conditions because they ventilate through the dog box.

Our one-piece polyethylene roto mold Honeycomb Dog Boxes provide protection from extreme heat, cold, road noise, as well as vibration. Our Canine Cargo Carriers have their own 12-volt battery system that runs the ventilation system so dogs can be left behind in a safe, secure environment.

Dogs are unique in the fact that they ride with their head on the floor. Imagine yourself being in an aluminum or stainless steel box driving down the interstate with a ventilation system that blows through your dog box while your head vibrates on the floor. If you did, you would not put your dog in that situation.

Another feature of our Canine Cargo Carrier that no other dog trailer has is our ramps that drop down and work like a table to assist you in handling your dog.

From our secure bulldog hitch to our heavy-duty rear bumper, we offer the most complete dog transportation system available today. Visit for more information.

Vortex HD Binoculars & Spotting Scope

Vortex ® drops an optics hammer with their all-new Viper HD Binoculars
Viper ® HD Binoculars: If seeing is believing, you’re about to believe. The all new Viper HD binoculars are an optical
masterpiece, giving hunters, shooters and outdoor enthusiasts a premium option without the premium price tag.

The HD optical system delivers stunning resolution, color fidelity and edge-to-edge clarity. Lenses fully-multicoated with
XR™ antireflective coatings provide critical low light performance – turning waning light into game-spotting
opportunity. A super-wide field of view promotes fast subject acquisition and more efficient glassing.
Exterior lenses are protected by ArmorTek® – an ultrahard, scratch-resistant fluorine compound that repels oil, dirt and the
corrosive salts of fingerprints.
The smooth center-focus wheel dials in your image for sharp viewing. Soft and comfortable twist-up eyecups are perfect for
extended glassing and provide customized eye-relief for the viewer.
A short-hinge design and rubber armoring with perfectly-placed thumb detents makes the new Viper HD’s a dream to hold,
protects against impacts and ensures solid purchase – no matter the weather conditions. 100-percent waterproof, fogproof
(purged with Argon gas), dustproof and shockproof construction.
From a physical size and weight perspective, they are one of the lightest, most compact, full-size binos on the market – a
noteworthy attribute when gear consideration can be measured in grams.
Includes GlassPak™ chest harness – keeping your binos at the ready while providing comfortable, protected, strain-free,
all-day carry.
And like all Vortex products, the all-new Viper HD Binoculars are covered by Vortex’s legendary, lifetime, unconditional,
no-fault, transferable, VIP Warranty.
8X42 (MSRP $639.99)
10X42 (MSRP $649.99)
10X50 (MSRP $729.99)
12X50 (MSRP $739.99)

Viper ® HD Spotting Scopes: A high-end spotter, without the high-end price tag, the new-for-2018 Viper HD

spotting Scope Series stands poised to dominate as a best-in-class-optic. Packed with features and incredible
optical performance, hunters and shooters are sure to appreciate, these spotters bring far off subjects in for a
closer look – and do so with impressive clarity, resolution and color fidelity.
The HD optical system coupled with lenses fully multi-coated with XR coatings, delivers stunning image
quality and low light performance. Exterior lenses are protected by ArmorTek – an ultra-hard, scratch-resistant
fluorine compound that repels oil, dirt and the corrosive salts of fingerprints.
The ultrasmooth, fluid, and sleek helical-style focus, dials in your image for ultrasharp viewing, as well as keeps
the spotter’s profile trim for ultimate packability. A utilitarian feature, the large surface area of the helical focus
is easy to find and operate – even when wearing gloves. The twist up eyecup on the included eyepiece ensures
customized eye-relief for the viewer.
Adjustable collar allows the spotter to rotate for comfortable, versatile, multiangle viewing. Rubber armoring
protects the spotter from impacts and delivers unfaltering in-the-filed durability.100-percent waterproof,
fogproof (purged with argon gas), dustproof and shockproof construction.
And like all Vortex products, the all-new Viper HD Spotting Scopes are covered by Vortex’s legendary,
lifetime, unconditional, no-fault, transferable, VIP Warranty.
20-60×85 Angled (MSRP $1099.99)
15-45×65 Angled (MSRP $849.99)
20-60×85 Straight (MSRP $1099.99)
15-45×65 Straight (MSRP $849.99)
About Vortex Optics: American, family, and veteran-owned, Wisconsin-based Vortex Optics designs, engineers, produces and
distributes a complete line of premium binoculars, riflescopes, spotting scopes, tripods and related accessories. Dedicated to exceptional quality, value and unrivaled customer service, Vortex backs its products with its unconditional, transferable, lifetime VIP-warranty. Built
on more than 20 years of experience in the optics industry, Vortex is rapidly emerging as a leading brand in the optics market.

Vortex – The Force of Optics |